Tuesday, June 21, 2016


Do you experience any or one of these? Anxiety and Sleeplessness. Cold or Heat intolerance. Mood Swings. Constant Fatigue. Mascular Weakness. Headache. Eye Changes. Irregular Heartbeat. Tremor. Decrease Immunity.

You are not alone. More than 200 Million people in the world have some forms of a Thyroid disorder.

Here are some of the frequently asked questions about the thyroid disorder: 

1. Ano ang thyroid? Bakit ito importante?

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located at the base of the neck. The thyroid produces and stores thyroid hormones, which are essential to the normal development of the body, as well as its normal metabolism and function. Thyroid hormones affect practically all systems of the body, from the brain, to the heart, to the stomach, the reproductive system, etc.

2. Ano ang symptoms ng hypothyroidism? Paano ito naiiba sa hyperthyroidism?

Hypothyroidism is when your thyroid doesn't produce enough thyroid hormone. Thus, metabolism is slowed. Patients typically complain of weight gain (even without increasing appetite), cold intolerance, chronic fatigue, sadness/depression, slowed speech patterns, slow heart rate, dry/brittle hair, constipation, and menstrual irregularities.

Hyperthyroidism is when there is too much thyroid hormone, and Symptoms are typically opposite that of hypothyroidism. Patients will note weight loss, sweating, insomnia and irritability, fast heart rate and palpitations, hair loss, diarrhea, and menstrual irregularities.

3. Paano na-didiagnose ang thyroid disorders?
Diagnosis is made by a physician based on the results of blood tests- TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) and thyroid hormone levels in the blood.

4. Paano ka makakapag self-check ng iyong thyroid?
Facing a mirror, lift your chin up and inspect your neck. Swallow, and if you see a mass at the base of the neck moving up and down, you may need to consult your doctor for goiter.

Also be aware of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, so you can consult a doctor when you note you have them.

5. Ano ang treatment para sa hypothyroidism? Sa hyperthyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy.
Hyperthyroidism is treated with anti-thyroid drugs, which lower the level of thyroid hormones in the body.

6. Dapat ba ma-screen ang mga bata sa thyroid problems?
Parents should be aware of the symptoms of thyroid disorders so they can bring their child to the doctor. If they notice mood and behavior changes, difficulty learning, and other signs, consult a doctor.

7. Dapat ba dumaan sa screening ang mga buntis ng thyroid problems?
It is recommended that women get screened for thyroid disorders if:

- previous history of thyroid disorders, thyroid surgery
- above 30
- family history of thyroid disorders
- previous history of pregnancy loss or difficulty getting pregnant
- living in iodine deficiency areas

8. Paano naaapektuhan ng thyroid disorders ang mga buntis at baby sa tiyan niya?
Thyroid disorders, if untreated, can lead to negative outcomes for the mother and child. Conditions like eclampsia and placenta previa can occur. Furthermore, the child might have developmental abnormalities, especially with mental and cognitive abilities. Children with mothers who are iodine deficient or hypothyroid can have lower IQs.

Ask your doctor about thyroid screening if you are pregnant.

9. Ano ang mga pagkain na dapat iwasan kung mayroon kang problema sa thyroid? Ano ang mga pagkain na makabubuti sa thyroid?
People are encouraged to take iodized salt, to avoid iodine deficiency, the most common cause of goiter.

10. Namamana ba ang thyroid disorders?
There is a hereditary component to thyroid problems. If you have a relative who has thyroid disorders, you should regularly have yourself checked.

***This questions originally heard and appeared from the 
2016 Thyroid Awareness Culminating Night Doctors Q&A- 
check out my post about the 2016 International Thyroid Awareness Week ~



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